Treatment of Gingivitis

What is gingivitis and periodontitis?

Gingivitis refers to the inflammation of the gums, which is caused by the deposition of bacteria and plaque on the teeth. Lack of good oral hygiene is often the reason for the development of this condition. Symptoms include swelling, redness and sensitivity of the gums. Once it is diagnosed, it is treated by the dentist with a special ultrasound device to remove the stone and with an aspiration. Then the patient is given a mouthwash rich in chlorhexidine to completely remove the bacteria from the oral cavity. Finally, we explain to the patient the most effective way of brushing for each case, the frequency of brushing and the toothpaste that suits each case.

Periodontitis is the progression of chronic gingivitis when it is not treated in time or not treated properly. It affects the tissues that surround and support the teeth, including the gums and bone. Advanced periodontitis can lead to tooth mobility. Its treatment is more demanding, needs more appointments and becomes deeper, as the auricles have loosened more than the stone. Instructions and chlorhexidine solution are given in a similar way to gingivitis, and if deemed necessary by the dentist, antibiotic administration may be needed for a few days depending on the severity of the incident.

Why do I have gingivitis and periodontitis?

The main causative factors include:
1. Dental Plaque: The deposit of bacteria on the teeth.
2. Calculus: The hard deposit created by the accumulation of microbial plaque.
3. Risk Factors:
-Other systemic diseases that affect the immune system

The above factors burden the oral environment and contribute to the development of gingivitis and periodontitis. Early diagnosis and treatment by the dentist is critical to avoid further complications.

Dental Trauma

The frequency of dental trauma concerns 33% of preschool children, 25% of school-age children and 33% of adults. According to a recent research, the global prevalence in permanent dentition is 15.2%, while in the new dentition it is 22.7%. In total more than one billion of the planet’s population has suffered some kind of dental injury. The timely and correct management of dental trauma cases is of crucial importance for their positive outcome.
From the links below you can download IADT’s ToothSOS app for Android and iOS mobile devices. This application is aimed at both patients and dentists. In particular, it provides patients with simplified first aid instructions. We urge you to download the ToothSOS app for free, thereby helping to save thousands of teeth every day around the world.